Entropion is an eye condition seen in dogs where the pup's eyelids roll inwards causing pain, irritation, and other secondary eye problems. Today, our Bonita Springs vets discuss the causes, signs, and treatment for entropion in dogs.
Entropion in Dogs
Entropion is primarily a genetic abnormality that causes the dog's eyelids to roll inward. This inward positioning means that your pup's fur and eyelashes rub against the surface of the eye often causing pain, conjunctivitis, eye infections, corneal ulcers, perforations, and in some cases the development of pigment on the cornea which interferes with your dog's vision.
Entropion is a common problem in several breeds including:
- Golden Retriever
- Bernese Mountain Dog
- Labrador Retriever
- Great Dane
- Toy and Miniature Poodle
- Irish Setter
- Cocker Spaniel
- Siberian Husky
- Basset Hound
Signs That Your Dog May Have Entropion
Signs of entropion typically appear early with most dogs being diagnosed before they reach their first birthday. Squinting, excessive tearing, and holding eyes shut are the most common signs of entropion. Although in some cases flat-faced dogs will show no outward signs of discomfort.
Treatment for Entropion in Dogs
To correct the issue, ocular surgery will be required by a veterinary ophthalmologist.
Puppies will sometimes grow out of entropion and no treatment will be required. However, if the condition is causing discomfort, a procedure known as 'tacking' or 'temporary eyelid eversion' can help to relieve symptoms in young dogs.
Medical treatments with antibiotic ointments can be prescribed to decrease damage to the cornea, but medications will not resolve the entropion itself.
Entropion Surgery in Dogs - Blepharoplasty
If entropion continues to be an issue as your puppy reaches their first birthday surgery can be performed, to correct the issue and relieve your pup's discomfort.
To avoid over-correcting this condition (which could lead to an outward rolling of the eyelids) two surgeries may be performed, the first being the primary (major) correction and the second being a minor corrective surgery.
Before and after the surgery your pup may be prescribed medications such as ophthalmic antibiotics or lubricants to treat conditions resulting from the irritation caused by entropion.
To find out how much this surgery will cost to correct your pup's eye condition contact your vet for details, or request a referral to have your dog seen by our Board-Certified Veterinary Ophthalmologist at Carolina Veterinary Specialists in Greensboro.
Following surgery, most dogs recover well and the condition does not return. That said, recurrence is common in Shar Peis due to their excessive folds of skin around the eyes.
Your dog's eye will be swollen following the procedure, especially within the first 24 hours. You can expect the swelling to be completely gone over the next 2-4 weeks.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. Please make an appointment with your vet for an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition.